August 19, 2020

【最怕轉天氣】昨天突如其來的9號風球有沒有令你關節腫痛?

⭐經常自嘲準過天文台
⭐關節痛不只是老人家才有
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年紀輕輕有風濕?
阿佳:「去年打波時扭傷膝頭,最近轉天氣關節便會痛起來,不是老人家才有風濕嗎?」

CheckCheckCin:一般人認為「風濕」是一種慢性關節痛,尤其轉天氣時特別容易發作,其實在中醫理論中「風濕」分別指風邪與濕邪,「風寒濕三氣雜至,合而為痹」中醫稱之為痹證,即凝滯不通的疾病,每逢潮濕下雨天,風邪和濕邪之氣較盛,如果身體受風寒濕邪侵襲,便會使經絡氣血受阻,疼痛加重。風邪為患屬於「行痹」,關節疼痛遊走不定、有時兼有寒熱;寒邪為患屬「痛痹」,關節疼痛劇烈、痛有定處,得熱稍緩,遇冷則劇;濕邪為患屬「著痹」,關節沉重酸脹、疼痛及腫脹。久病、年老體虛,又或者肢體關節曾受傷的話,外邪更易於侵犯,容易出現風濕痛。「風濕」患者不分年齡性別,只是長者多體虛,患風濕的機會較高,其實年青人同樣有機會患上,不要以為風濕屬於老人病就置之不理,有舊患的話宜諮詢註冊中醫師治理,平日亦可以多按足三里穴及血海穴作保健,如果平素多受風寒冷氣者,也可以做艾灸,有助溫經通絡。

足三里穴
功效:調理脾胃、補中益氣、通經活絡、疏風化濕。
位置:位於外膝眼(膝蓋側的凹位)對下4隻手指下的位置。
按法:拇指指腹以陰力按揉約2-3分鐘。

血海穴
功效:有助活血,調理氣血,尤其有助紓緩膝關節和下肢疼痛。
位置:位於大腿前區,髕底內側端上兩吋。屈膝將腿用力繃直,膝蓋內側會出現一個凹陷,凹陷上方隆起肌肉,在這個肌肉的頂端就是血海穴。
按法:拇指指腹以陰力按揉約2-3分鐘。

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Rheumatism at a young age?
“I hurt my knees during a badminton game last year. The recent weather change has caused me to experience joint pain. I thought rheumatism only happens to older people?”

CheckCheckCin: Rheumatism is commonly thought as a type of chronic joint pain, and the condition will become worse when there is a change in weather. In Chinese medicine theories, rheumatism refers to the pathogenic factors of wind and dampness. When the three qi – wind, cold, and dampness – gather in the body, it caused the ‘bi’ impediment, the ‘bi’ here refers to ‘Bi Zheng’, or painful obstructive syndrome. ‘Bi Zheng’ refers to the obstruction that hinders body from performing its function.

During rainy season, the pathogenic factors of wind and dampness are more intense. The dampness and wind pathogens can invade the body and disrupt the flow of qi in the meridians. Individuals with such condition will feel greater pain.

The pathogenic factor of wind belongs to ‘Xing Bi’, which causes irregular joint pain, and you can sense heat and cold at different body parts. The pathogenic factor of cold belongs to ‘Tong Bi’, where individuals can feel excruciating joint pain at a specific area, but will improve with an increase in temperature. The pathogenic factor of dampness belongs to ‘Zhu Bi’, where individuals with this condition would experience constant sore, pain and swelling.

Physically weak individuals who suffer from chronic diseases or had damaged their joints might be prone to rheumatism, as these conditions allowed the external pathogenic factors to invade the body. Rheumatism is not an age-defined condition. It is often associated with the elderly because they have weaker health system; hence, they would have higher chances of getting the rheumatic diseases.

Young people with conditions above will also have an equal chance of contracting rheumatism, so please do not treat it lightly. Consult a registered Chinese physician for advice, and at the same time, massage the Zu San Li and Sea of Blood acupoints at your free time. Individuals constantly exposed to wind and cold can try Moxa, or the moxibustion therapy, to improve the circulation of the meridians.

Zu San Li Acupoint
Effects: strengthens the spleen and stomach, clears heat and dispels dampness
Location: on the anterior aspect of the lower leg, four-finger breadth below knee cap.
Method: Gently press with your thumb and massage for 2-3 minutes each time.

Sea of Blood Acupoint
Effects: regulates qi and blood circulation, relieves pre-menstrual irritability, constipation and foot edema.
Location: Located in the front area of the thigh, two inch on the inner side of the basis patellae. Bend your knees and stretch your legs, there will be a hollow on the inside of the knee. The muscles are raised above the hollow and the top of this muscle is the Sea of blood acupoint.
Method: Gently press with your thumb and massage for 2-3 minutes each time.

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