April 10, 2019

【育兒知識】小朋友拉肚子要小心照料

#父母便便專員又要出動
#最重要提防脫水
#星期三問題多多

小兒腹瀉處理有法
中醫理論認為小朋友「臟腑嬌嫩,形氣未充」小朋友的五臟六腑發展尚未成熟,常出現「脾常不足」的情況,脾氣不足就不能正常把食物轉化成身體能吸收的物質,輸送到各臟腑。當飲食稍一不慎,就很容易出現腹瀉症狀,又或是大便次數比平日多,呈糊狀或稀水狀。可以留意一下肛門有否泛紅,有的話多是因為身體有熱。如果小朋友腹瀉情況嚴重,伴有發燒、嘔吐、大便有血或黏液、不肯進食的話,建議立即就醫處理。
如果腹瀉症狀輕微,家長不妨加以觀察,記得為孩子補充水份,飲用清水或米水,也可準備相對易消化的白粥;如果小兒還在吃奶階段,先將奶粉比例調得淡一點,或者暫時轉飲無乳糖奶粉或豆奶粉,看看情況有沒有改善。
腹瀉的時候屁屁最受罪,記得多加呵護寶寶嬌嫩肌膚,每次清理後用溫水清洗臀部和肛門四周,如果仍在包尿片階段,就要勤換尿片,擦屁屁也要輕力一點,期間記得觀察便便狀況,有需要時將病情變化告訴醫師。

蘋果淮山小米白粥
功效:健脾養胃,紓緩腹瀉情況。
材料:蘋果半個、鮮淮山半根、小米20克、白米30克
做法:
1. 蘋果去皮去芯切小粒;淮山去皮切小粒備用。
2. 鍋中加入800毫升水、白米及小米,用武火煮滾,水滾後調至文火,待煮成稠狀後加入蘋果粒及淮山粒煮約15分鐘即可。要留意要否烹調過程中要加水。

Treatment for children diarrhea
From Chinese medicine perspective, children’s organs have not fully developed and they cannot properly absorb all the nutrients consumed. Eating something wrong can easily lead to diarrhea, or increased frequency of bowel movement, or loose and watery stool. You can pay attention to whether the anus is red or not as redness can indicate heat inside the body. If the diarrhea problem is serious and is accompanied by fever, vomiting, blood or mucus in the stool, and refusal to eat, it is recommended to seek medical attention immediately.
If the symptoms of diarrhea are mild, you can try observing first and be sure to keep your child hydrated with water or rice water. Plain congee is also a good choice as it is easier to digest. For infants who are still drinking formula, you can dilute the milk more, or try lactose free formula such as soy based ones to see if the condition improves.
Remember to take care for the delicate skin of the baby by washing the butt and anus around with warm water. If they are still using diapers, you should change the diapers frequently and clean their butt gently. Always remember to pay attention to the stool texture and inform the doctor about any changes in the symptoms.

Millet Congee with Apple and Chinese yam
Effects: Strengthens the spleen and nourishes the stomach, alleviates diarrhea
Ingredients: Half an apple, half a fresh Chinese yam, 20g millet, 30g white rice
Preparation:
1. Peel and core apple, peel fresh Chinese yam and cut both into pieces.
2. Cook white rice and millet with 800ml of water on high heat until boiling, then cook on low heat until millet is in congee texture. Add in apple and Chinese yam and cook for additional 15 minutes. Add in water if it gets too thick.

#男 #女 #小童 #嬰兒 #腹瀉

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