July 25, 2018

【煲湯新手必問】下肉與否,只要配搭得宜就是一鍋好湯!

#食材配合體質發揮最大功效
#轉換材料輕鬆變素湯
#星期四食材

保健湯水的材料配搭,大概都跟從這條方程式:新鮮瓜果 + 肉類 + 屬性平和的藥材,湯水食譜有時候用上豬肉,有時候用雞、烏雞,有時候用鵪鶉,究竟是怎樣配搭的呢?答案是視乎你的體質需要。

一般保健功效的湯水,用屬性平和的豬肉較為適合,豬肉具補腎養血、滋陰潤燥功效,適合大部份體質人士飲用。用瘦肉煲出來的湯最清且甜;豬?煲好後肉質腍滑帶點筋;豬骨煲出來的湯味道會較濃郁,但脂肪含量較高。

身體虛弱、陰虛體質、手術後或剛病癒人士想「平補」身體可選用烏雞或鵪鶉,烏雞性平,具滋陰清熱及補肝益腎功效,滋補效果比雞較為溫和。鵪鶉性平,有「動物人參」之稱,具補益五臟及補氣養血的功效。

體質虛寒可用雞煲湯,雞性溫,能補益氣血、暖胃及滋養五臟。但注意感冒期間或濕熱、痰濕體質不宜食用。

至於素食人士不吃肉怎樣煲湯?將肉類材料剔走,加入白鍋炒過的果仁(腰果、合桃)、栗子、猴頭菇、茶樹菇、黃豆、紅腰豆取代就可以了。

*因爲湯水始終有補益功效,一般還是建議感冒生病時避免喝湯。

Soup Making Secret
The recipes for healthy soups are generally formulated with- fresh gourds + meat + mild natured herbs. Sometimes the recipes call for pork, other times chicken, black chicken or even quail. You should decide based on body constitution.

Usually, pork is the choice as it is mild in nature and can replenish the kidney and nourish blood, nourish yin and relieve dryness. Pork is suitable for most body constitutions. Soup with lean pork is the lightest with a hint of sweetness; pork shank after cooking is tender to eat; soup with pork bone tend to be more flavorful but also higher in fat contents.

Those who are weaker, with yin deficiency, just had surgery, or just recovered from illness and want to mildly replenish the body can use black chicken or quail. Black chicken is mild in nature, can nourish yin and clear heat, replenish liver and strengthen the kidney. Quail is mild in nature, some consider it as ‘animal ginseng’, it can replenish all five major organs and nourish qi and blood.

Chicken is suitable for those with asthenic cold bodies. It is warm in nature, can replenish qi and blood, warm the stomach and nourish all five organs. Those with a cold or flu, damp heat or phlegm and dampness body constitution should not have chicken.

What can vegetarians use in soups? Replace the meat with nuts (walnuts, cashews) that have been stir fried without oil, chestnuts, monkey mushroom, tea plant mushrooms, soy beans, or red kidney beans.

* note that soups are meant to have replenishing effects so we suggest not have any when you have a cold or flu.

#男 #女 #平和 #我狀態ok

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