December 16, 2019

【藥到病除?】最重要先了解腹瀉原因

#胡亂吃止瀉藥治標不治本
#腹瀉嚴重當然要睇醫生
#星期一踢走BlueMonday

腹瀉該排清還是止瀉?
不少人都經歷過腹瀉,有可能是體質引起的慢性腹瀉,或者進食了不潔食物引致的急性腹瀉,每次腹瀉都滿腦疑惑:究竟應該「屙清」還是服藥止瀉呢?腹瀉的定義為正常排便習慣改變,排便次數增加,而且糞便比平日鬆軟或呈水狀,24小時內排便三次或以上。
如果遇上急性腹瀉,例如進食了受污染食物,一般會出現肚痛腹瀉,而且排便次數較為頻密,因為身體有自我復原機制,想盡快將病邪透過糞便排出體外,如果沒有伴隨其它不適症狀,只要「屙清」及休息即可痊癒。但如果伴隨嘔吐、腹痛及發燒,甚至因為頻密腹瀉而出現脫水症狀,如嘴唇乾裂、異常疲憊、尿量減少、雙眼凹陷等,宜立即就醫,由醫生決定是否需要止瀉。如果是嬰兒、長者或慢性病人腹瀉,要注意腹瀉有否引起併發症,因為止瀉藥有副作用,以上人士亦不宜自行服用。
如果屬於慢性腹瀉,例如只是腹瀉前一刻才有腹痛感覺,沒有伴隨其它症狀,不用急於止瀉, 期間注意補充水份,建議諮詢註冊中醫師意見,按體質調理身體改善症狀。

腹瀉調護小貼士:
– 喝水不宜急著一口氣大量的喝
– 宜每隔十分鐘小口小口緩緩地喝水
– 除了清水,也可以飲米水或運動飲料
– 宜喝室溫或暖水
– 不宜喝湯或進補

Should you take medicine to stop diarrhea?
Everyone has experienced diarrhea. It may be chronic diarrhea caused by body type, or acute diarrhea caused by eating contaminated food. You may have wondered if it is better to let your bowel system run its course or you should take medicine to stop the diarrhea. Diarrhea is defined as changes in normal bowel habits, increased defecation times, and softer or more watery stool than usual, and three or more bowel movements within 24 hours.
If you have acute diarrhea, such as those from eating contaminated food, you would usually experience abdominal pain and diarrhea, and the frequency of defecation is more frequent. As the body has a self-healing mechanism, if you want to let bacteria out through the stool as soon as possible and there are no other discomfort symptoms, your body will recover with enough time to rest. However, if you are also vomiting, have abdominal pain and fever, or even dehydration symptoms due to frequent diarrhea, such as dry lips, abnormal fatigue, decreased urine, sunken eyes, you should seek medical treatment immediately, and your doctor will decide whether you need to stop diarrhea medicinally. If it is diarrhea in infants, the elderly or patients with chronic diarrhea, pay attention to whether diarrhea causes complications, because antidiarrheal drugs have side effects, and these people should not take it by themselves.
If it is chronic diarrhea, say you feel abdominal pain before the diarrhea only, without accompanying other symptoms, do not rush to stop diarrhea, pay attention to replenish fluids. It is recommended to consult a registered Chinese medicine practitioner, and condition your body to improve the symptoms according to the body type.

Tips for treating diarrhea
– Do not rush to drink a lot of water in a hurry
– It is recommended to drink water slowly every ten minutes
– In addition to water, you can also drink rice water or sports drinks
– Drink room temperature or warm water
– Do not drink soup or consume tonic food

#男 #女 #嬰兒 #我煩躁 #我疲憊 #腹瀉

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