April 1, 2019

【中醫入門課】認識你體內縱橫交錯的氣血通道

#想像你的身體裡有個交通網絡
#塞車就是氣血不通
#星期一BlueMonday

認識經絡基本概念
中醫理論認為,身體的不適如五官、皮膚出現症狀,其實都在反映臟腑健康有問題。除了靠內服用中藥及飲食調理,我們還可以做甚麼去保養在體內的臟腑呢?可以靠遍佈全身,肉眼看不到的「經絡」!所謂經絡,是指分佈於體內的氣血通道,它們連結著體內五臟六腑、肢體、五官及皮肉筋骨等,經絡具有運行氣血、濡養周身及抗禦外邪的作用,以維持身體內外的平衡,平衡亦即健康狀態。

人體有12條經絡,加上任督兩脈,共有14條,而又有361個穴道位於經絡之上,穴道就是連結經絡與身體表層的交接點。如果臟腑有問題,相應穴道亦會出現異常,所以中醫透過針或灸刺激穴道,改善氣血循環,加強正氣,減弱邪氣,改善臟腑失調的狀況。

經絡可以分為經脈和絡脈:粗壯的經脈,縱向分佈體內;絡脈就有如細支,橫向地遍佈體內並連結著經脈。試想像經脈就像公路一樣,絡脈就如支路,穴位就是交通燈的位置,全身氣血就如車輛般在這些道路上行走。行車暢順代表氣血暢通,正氣遍佈全身;如果臟腑出現問題,或者外邪透過經絡侵襲人體,導致氣滯、血瘀、濕阻等情況出現,就會造成經絡的交通擠塞,「不通則痛」,病痛由此而生。

Understand the basics of meridians
Chinese medicine believes that issues with the body, such as your five senses or skin, are all a reflection of your organ health. Aside from taking Chinese medicine and adjusting your dietary habits, what else can you do to maintain health of your organs? You can also rely on meridians that you cannot see but are all over your body. Meridians refer to the qi and blood channels scattered throughout your body, they connect your organs, body, five sense, skin, tendon and bones. Meridians transport qi and blood, nourish the body and protect pathogen attacks by maintaining proper balance in the body.
Every body has 12 meridians, coupled with the conception and governor vessels, there are 14, and there are 361 acupoints on the meridians. Acupoints connect meridian to the body surface. If your organ is unhealthy, the corresponding acupoint will have abnormal symptoms too. THi sis why Chinese medicine uses acupuncture to stimulate the acupoints to improve qi and blood circulation, improve vital energy, reduce pathogen, and improve organ health.
Meridians can be divided into channels and collateral. Channels are thicker and are all over the body. Collaterals connects channels in the body. Think of channels as expressways, collaterals as smaller branch roads, and acupoints as traffic lights. The qi and blood in the body are the cars that move along these roads. If the traffic is smooth, it means qi and blood are circulating throughout the body.
(con’t in comment)

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