October 18, 2019

【醫護常識】流鼻血時最緊要鎮定

#流鼻血成因眾多偶然一次不用擔心
#小朋友是流鼻血的常客
#星期六放輕身心

流鼻血五個NG行為
秋風一吹,鼻子癢癢的,咦?怎麼流起鼻血來了?
「快岳高仰,用力按著鼻樑。」
「將手舉高可以止血啊!」
「快點用凍水拍額頭吧!」

秋天氣候乾燥,鼻黏膜變得特別乾,流鼻血情況偶有發生,坊間止鼻血的方法真是五花百門,以下五個錯誤止鼻血行為,你有做過嗎?
1. 頭向後仰 — 下意識覺得頭向後仰就能阻止鼻血流下來,事實是血繼續往鼻腔裡流到咽喉。
2. 塞廁紙 — 把廁紙捲成棒狀往鼻孔裡塞,對止血沒多大幫助,小心廁紙有菌更會造成細菌感染。
3. 凍水拍額頭 — 原理是藉著皮膚遇冷令血管收縮,但額頭距離鼻子太遠了吧?
4. 冰敷額頭 — 同上,冰敷會使血管有冷凍收縮效果,但在鼻頭冰敷更為有效。
5. 把手舉高 — 傳聞左邊鼻孔流血舉左手,右邊流舉右手,結果舉到手軟血仍未止。

流鼻血正確處理方法:
先將頭微微向前垂低,用手指輕按壓兩邊鼻樑,改為用口呼吸,約1-2分鐘後放手,如血仍然流出就重覆上述動作至止血為止,如果超過10分鐘仍未止血,或者出現次數頻密,例如一周數次,建議就醫處理。

#男 #女 #小童 #我枯燥

5 wrong things to do when you have a nosebleed
With a gust of autumn wind, your nose itches. Wait, now it’s bleeding?
“Look upwards and press hard on the bridge of the nose.”
“Put your hands up to stop the bleeding!”
“Tap the forehead with some cold water now!”

Due to the dry autumn, the nose membrane becomes dry and nosebleeds occasionally occur. There are so many methods to stop nosebleeds. Have you ever tried the following five wrong ways?
1. Tilt your head up- You think you can tilt your head to stop the nosebleeds. The truth is that the blood continues to the throat through your nose.
2. Block with toilet paper- Roll the toilet paper into a stick and plug it into the nostrils. It does not help to stop the bleeding. Beware bacteria in the toilet paper may cause bacterial infection.
3. Tap the forehead with cold water- The principle is that the blood vessels contract when skin is cold, but isn’t the forehead is too far from the nose?
4. Put an ice pack on the forehead- Same as above. Ice will cause the blood vessels to freeze and contract, but it is more effective to put the ice pack on the nose tip.
5. Raise your hand- It is a myth that raising your left hand when the left nostril bleeds will stop the bleeding and vice versa for the right side. You will just end up with tired arms and a continued bleeding nose. 

Correct treatment of nosebleeds:
First, lower the head slightly forward, use your fingers to gently press the two sides of the bridge of the nose, and then breathe through your mouth. After about 1-2 minutes, release your fingers. If it is still bleeding, repeat the above action until the bleeding stops. If it is bleeding for more than 10 minutes, or nosebleeds occur frequently, such as several times a week, you should seek medical treatment.

#男 #女 #小童 #我枯燥

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