June 4, 2019

【中醫食補】五味究竟指哪五種味道?

#味道與臟腑健康有密切關係
#味道要好也要吃得對
#星期二正能量

五味調和養生之道
關於味道,我們聽過五味調和、五味雜陳等形容詞,所謂五味,是指酸、苦、甘(甜)、辛(辣)、鹹,這五種除了是我們舌頭嚐到的味道,亦是中醫理論中的五味學說,不同的味有不同功效,每一種味都有相應的臟腑,所以可以按自己的身體狀況,選擇相應味道的食物,以達致身體平衡的效果。
中醫理論有個說法是「胃以喜者為補」,有時候我們突然想吃某一種味道的食物,可能反映著身體的問題,例如特別想吃甜,可能是身體缺乏能量;特別想吃酸,可能是肝臟健康出現了問題,想進一步了解身體狀況,還是應諮詢相熟註冊中醫師。
雖然食物有偏性和功效,但要注意過猶不及,不宜大量進食同一種類食物,中醫養生理論講求平衡,能達到五味調和就是養生之道。


對應臟腑:肝
功效: 具收歛、固澀、增進食慾、健脾開胃的作用
適合人群:納呆、口渴、多汗、尿頻等
常見食物:菠蘿、石榴、藍莓、山楂、烏梅、番茄


對應臟腑:心
功效:具清熱潤腸通便、利尿祛濕功效
適合人群:熱症、濕症、水腫患者
常見食物:苦瓜、萵筍、芹菜、枸杞葉、白果

甘 (即淡味及甜味)
對應臟腑:脾
功效:具補益、強身防病的作用
適合人群:氣虛、血虛、陰虛、陽虛者
常見食物:白米、薯仔、淮山、蓮藕、紅棗、栗子

辛 (即辣味)
對應臟腑:肺
功效: 具發散、行氣活血的功效
適合人群:適合外感或風寒濕邪者
常見食物:蔥、生薑、紫蘇、辣椒、洋蔥、芫茜、大蒜


對應臟腑:腎
功效:具瀉下通便、軟堅散結的作用
適合人群:結核、便秘者
常見食物:鹽、蟹、海膽、花蛤、海蜇、海帶

Healthy living through the 5 flavors

The five flavors are sour, bitter, sweet, spicy and salty. These five tastes are not only tastes tasted by our tongue, but also is contain principals of Chinese medicine. Each taste has its own effect and correspond to different organs. You can choose the proper flavor of ingredients according to your own body condition to achieve a balanced body.
There is a saying in Chinese medicine that “stomach choose the food it likes to nourish the body”. Sometimes we may suddenly crave a certain kind of food, which may reflect physical problems. For example, if you want to eat sweets, you may have a lack of energy in your body. It may be a health problem with liver. If you want to know more about your physical condition, you can consult a registered Chinese medicine practitioner.
Although ingredients have their own nature and effect, it is necessary to pay attention not to consume too much of the same thing. It is not appropriate to eat the same kind of food in large amounts. The theory of Chinese medicine promotes on balance. To achieve the a balanced consumption of five taste is a good way to maintain health.

Sour
Corresponding organ: liver
Effect: help to conserve energy, improve your appetite, strengthen spleen and stimulate the appetite
Suitable for those with: slow to react, thirst, excessive sweating, frequent urination
Common ingredients: pineapple, pomegranate, blueberry, Chinese hawthorn, dark prunes, tomato

Bitter
Corresponding organ: heart
Effect: clear heat, loosen the bowels to relieve constipation, promote diuresis and dispel dampness
Suitable for those with: heat-like symptoms, dampness, edema
Common ingredients: bitter gourd, lettuce, celery, wolf berry leaves, ginkgo nuts

Sweet (also means bland)
Corresponding organ: spleen
Effect: replenishing and improve overall health
Suitable for those with: qi deficiency, blood deficiency, yin deficiency or yang deficiency
Common ingredients: rice, potato, Chinese yam, lotus root, Chinese red dates, chestnuts

Spicy
Corresponding organ: lungs
Effect: dispeling, promote qi and blood
Suitable for those with: external or cold-wind dampness
Common ingredients: spring onion, ginger, basil, chili, onion, cilantro, garlic

Salty
Corresponding organ: kidneys
Effect: relieve constipation
Suitable for those with: tuberculosis and constipation
Common ingredients: salt, crab, sea urchin, venus clam, seaweed

#男 #女 #平和

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